Plant Transcription Factor Database
Previous version: v3.0
Solanum pennellii
AP2 Family
Species TF ID Description
Sopen01g004380.1AP2 family protein
Sopen01g040570.1AP2 family protein
Sopen02g015090.1AP2 family protein
Sopen02g036630.1AP2 family protein
Sopen02g037720.1AP2 family protein
Sopen03g008400.1AP2 family protein
Sopen03g008400.2AP2 family protein
Sopen03g008400.3AP2 family protein
Sopen03g036630.1AP2 family protein
Sopen03g041210.1AP2 family protein
Sopen04g004580.1AP2 family protein
Sopen04g031090.1AP2 family protein
Sopen05g029780.1AP2 family protein
Sopen06g021600.1AP2 family protein
Sopen06g025830.1AP2 family protein
Sopen06g031890.1AP2 family protein
Sopen07g007440.1AP2 family protein
Sopen07g007440.2AP2 family protein
Sopen08g024960.1AP2 family protein
Sopen08g029950.1AP2 family protein
Sopen08g029960.1AP2 family protein
Sopen09g002130.1AP2 family protein
Sopen09g002150.1AP2 family protein
Sopen10g033790.1AP2 family protein
Sopen11g004350.1AP2 family protein
Sopen11g023650.1AP2 family protein
Sopen11g030250.1AP2 family protein
Sopen02g009530.1AP2 family protein
Sopen09g002130.2AP2 family protein
Sopen11g030250.2AP2 family protein
Sopen06g031890.2AP2 family protein
Sopen04g020090.1AP2 family protein
Sopen11g005520.1AP2 family protein
Sopen12g005500.1AP2 family protein
AP2 Family Introduction

The AP2/ERF superfamily is defined by the AP2/ERF domain, which consists of about 60 to 70 amino acids and is involved in DNA binding. These three families have been defined as follows. The AP2 family proteins contain two repeated AP2/ERF domains, the ERF family proteins contain a single AP2/ERF domain, and the RAV family proteins contain a B3 domain, which is a DNA-binding domain conserved in other plant-specific transcription factors, in addition to the single AP2/ERF domain.

It has been demonstrated that the AP2/ERF proteins have important functions in the transcriptional regulation of a variety of biological processes related to growth and development, as well as various responses to environmental stimuli.

Genes in the AP2 family have been shown to participate in the regulation of developmental processes, e.g. flower development, spikelet meristem determinacy, leaf epidermal cell identity, and embryo development.

Toshitsugu Nakano, Kaoru Suzuki, Tatsuhito Fujimura, and Hideaki Shinshi.
Genome-wide analysis of the ERF gene family in Arabidopsis and rice.
Plant Physiol, 2006. 140(2): p. 411-32.
PMID: 16407444

Using an in vitro selection procedure, the DNA binding specificity of the two AP2 repeat containing protein ANT was found to be 5'-gCAC(A/G)N(A/T)TcCC(a/g)ANG(c/t)-3'. This consensus site is much longer than sites recognized by proteins containing a single AP2 repeat and neither AP2 repeat of ANT was alone capable of binding to the selected sequences, suggesting that both AP2 repeats make DNA contacts.

Nole-Wilson S, Krizek BA.
DNA binding properties of the Arabidopsis floral development protein AINTEGUMENTA.
Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Nov 1;28(21):4076-82. Erratum in: Nucleic Acids Res 2001 Mar 1;29(5):1261.
PMID: 11058102